Nature Recovery Green Paper: Protected Sites and Species

Closed 11 May 2022

Opened 16 Mar 2022


The proposals set out in this Green Paper support our ambitions to restore nature and halt the decline in species abundance by 2030.

The Green Paper includes options to bring clarity and coherence to our framework for protected sites; to reform species protections; and to modernise funding arrangements. It also looks at what institutional and delivery arrangements would best support our nature recovery objectives.

We are setting out proposals to create a system which better reflects the latest science and the impending impacts of climate change, which better reflects our domestic species and habitats, and which will help us achieve our significant goals to recover nature. 


  • Charities/Voluntary Organisations
  • Environmental campaigners
  • All Marine Users
  • Coastal local authorities
  • National Park Authorities
  • Coastal Management sector
  • Ports and Harbour Authorities and Estuaries
  • Water/water Industry sector
  • Environmental professional services
  • Households
  • Local Authorities
  • Non-Household Customers
  • Business/Private Sector
  • Policy Teams
  • Local Authorities
  • All Defra staff and ALBs
  • Non-Government Organisation
  • Member of the General Public
  • Landowners and their representative bodies
  • Students
  • Farmers
  • Fishermen
  • Professional and Membership Organisations/Agencies
  • Stakeholders


  • Natural environment
  • Local nature partnerships
  • Biodiversity
  • Animals
  • Tree and plant health
  • Climate change
  • Marine
  • Marine Conservation Zones
  • Local environments
  • Conservation
  • Marine Conservation
  • DEFRA Policy
  • Land management
  • Forestry
  • Rural economy and communities
  • Forestry
  • National Parks
  • Nature reserves
  • Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty
  • Conservation
  • Wildlife management
  • Protecting wildlife